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The traditional Jewish calendar of the first century AD was lunar, in which the first day of each month was determined by when the first light of the new crescent moon became visible in Jerusalem shortly after sunset, the full moon rising about two weeks later. It was perhaps natural, therefore, that the setting sun should signify the end of the day and sunset the beginning of a new one, which extended to sunset the next day (night and day, rather than day and night; cf. Genesis 1:5, "And the evening and morning were the first day"). Friday, for example, began at sunset on Thursday and ended at sunset on Friday, which was the beginning of Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath. Although the notion of a new day beginning on the evening of the previous one is potentially confusing, it is not so different than one beginning at midnight six hours later.
Daylight hours, however, still were measured from sunrise (6 a.m.). The third hour was 9 a.m.; the sixth hour, 12 noon; and the ninth hour, 3 p.m. An event that occurred just before sunset (the twelfth hour, 6 p.m.) was counted as taking place on that day and, after sunset, the next. In the Jerusalem Talmud, for example, "day and night each are a term, and part of a term is like the whole" (Shabbat, IX.3). It is important to remember, too, that days were counted inclusively and that both the first and last day were included in calculating the passage of time.
Preparations for a last supper were duly made and that evening, at what both Jesus and his disciples describe as a Passover meal, Jesus took the bread and broke it (as his own body would be broken) and then the wine, signifying the shedding of his own blood. Afterwards, Jesus and his disciples went out to the Mount of Olives and then to the Garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:26, 32), where he was betrayed by Judas and arrested. Tried before the high priest and the assembled chief priests, elders, and scribes (Sanhedrin) (14:53), Jesus was found guilty by Pontius Pilate and crucified the next morning at "the third hour" (9 a.m.) on Passover day (15:25). Given the prolonged agony of crucifixion, Jesus died later that afternoon at the ninth hour (3 p.m.) (15:34, Matthew 27:46, Luke 23:44). ("Excruciating," coincidentally, derives from the Latin crux, "cross.")
At a BBCON philanthropic conference session, Penelope Burke, Author of Donor-Centered Fundraising and Donor-Centered Leadership, pointed to research findings to share the potential of cultivation events, citing the following insightful statistics:
When a satellite falls from orbit and crashes into the home of a dysfunctional family in suburban Ohio, the father seizes the opportunity to fulfill his childhood dream of becoming an astronaut by re-creating the machine as his own rocket ship. While his wife and daughter believe he is experiencing a midlife crisis, surreal events begin to unfold around him, forcing him to reconsider how interconnected their lives truly are...
We know this to be true thanks to new pictures from the set of Netflix's period drama. In the images, a West London estate called Osterley Park is decked out in purple decorations, white flowers and Regency-era carriages. While season three leads Nicola Coughlan and Luke Newton, who play Penelope Featherington and Colin Bridgerton, respectively, were not spotted on set, other performers were seen dressed to the nines, indicating that an eventful ball is in the next installment's future.
Season three is set to follow the events of Julia Quinn's fourth Bridgerton book, Romancing Mister Bridgerton, which has Penelope and Colin as the main couple. Reminder: Seasons one and two told the love stories of Daphne Bridgerton (Phoebe Dynevor) and Simon Basset (Regé-Jean Page) and Anthony Bridgerton (Jonathan Bailey) and Kate Sharma (Simone Ashley), respectively.
But don't expect more of the same from the next season of Bridgerton, as Nicola previously told E! News that the new episodes are "gonna be a lot different." As Nicola detailed, season three will show Penelope finally become a woman and "come into herself."
Colin's other half for season three? Longtime friend Penelope Featherington (Nicola Coughlan). Season three will follow the events of Julia Quinn's novel, Romancing Mister Bridgerton, which follows Colin as he finally realizes that Penelope is worth courting and falling in love with.
After leaving Anthony Bridgerton at the altar and giving her sister Kate her blessing to marry the Viscount, many wondered about what would be next for Edwina Sharma (Charithra Chandran). So, E! News asked Charithra for an update on her character, to which she replied:
Another suggestion is that dreams influence the way you feel the next day, either in terms of mood or more basic bodily states. Forcing people to remember the nastier dreams from their REM sleep definitely puts them in a foul mood, and nightmares (defined as very negative dreams which can wake you up) may even lead to ongoing mood problems. On the other hand, there is also evidence that dreams could help to regulate long-term mood. For instance, a study of dreams in divorced women showed that those who dreamed about their ex-husbands more often were better adapted to the divorce. Amazingly enough, dreams also seem able to influence physiological state: One study showed that people who were deprived of water before they slept, but then drank in their dreams, felt less thirsty when they woke up.
I'm just excited for everyone to watch it. I know the fans love this show so much. I really think they're going to love how it's changed, [but] it's nothing drastic. After 15 seasons, what you care about more is the characters that you've been watching for 15 years. You're more invested in these characters and you get to go home with them more in this season. And like I said, you get to do it with the unsub as well. It's a more serialized show this season, which I love. Because like I said, with the original 15 seasons, if it was on TV, I caught it, I'd turn it on, I'd always finish the episode and love it, but it wasn't something where I was like, "I need to find out what happened." Now it's going to be something where you're like, "I cannot wait for the next episode because I need to know what happened."
Odysseus has his old nurse bath him and get him clean clothes. While he is being cleaned, Athena uses her powers to make him look younger. When he next appears in front of Penelope he looks more like his old, kingly self. Still she has one last test. Penelope asks Eurycleia to move their marital bed outside. Odysseus protests, saying that would be an impossible task. That he himself built the house around a giant olive tree, carving the bed from the tree itself. So if it were to be moved, the tree would have to be chopped down. This serves as evidence enough to Penelope that the man is indeed her husband.
Odysseus has another problem on his hands, he has just killed some of the most noble men in his kingdom. He tells Telemachus that they must come up with a plan to address this issue. His son tells him that since he is wisest that it should be Odysseus himself who comes up with the plan. He needs time to consider, so he tells his family that for now they should keep up appearances. He wants to leave and visit his father, Laertes, who has grieved for him all these years. He tells his wife to not see any visitors while he is away. The next morning Odysseus and Telemachus set out to see Laertes. Athena shrouds them so that they can leave unnoticed.
Book 23 picks up right where book 22 left off. Odysseus has just killed the suitors. The nurse, Eurycleia, runs upstairs to tell Penelope that her husband has returned. Penelope does not believe her at first, and gets mad with Eurycleia at waking her from her sleep. Finally Penelope goes down to see Odysseus, but she does not recognize him. So Odysseus has his old nursemaid wash him and get him a clean set of clothes. When he appears to Penelope next, he looks more of his old self, but Penelope has one final test for him. She asks the maid to retrieve their bridal bed. Odysseus describes why that is not possible, it is this description of the bed that convinces Penelope that Odysseus is who he claims to be. Odysseus still has to deal with the issue of the suitors, for now he tells everyone to just maintain appearances. He then sets out with his son Telemachus to go see his father, Laertes. The goddess Athena shrouds the two, letting them leave unnoticed.
The next day, Odysseus and Telemachus set off from the palace for Laertes's farm. The goddess Athena, always helping Odysseus, cloaks, or hides, both of them in darkness, even though it is broad daylight outside. And with her help, Odysseus and Telemachus quickly leave town.
New England Review hosts a number of events throughout the year, including our Vermont Reading Series, NER Out Loud, Reunion Reading, and other author and book events both on campus here at Middlebury and across the nation. To be added to our events email list, please send a message to NER.Vermont@gmail.com. See below for descriptions of recent events and to read about our ongoing Vermont Reading Series. 2b1af7f3a8